Saturday, May 31, 2008

Gemma - Doni White Graffiti Artist


The film ‘Rash’ which was viewed in class is a short yet in depth realization to the works of the underground Graffiti movement and its significant role it plays in the world today. Graffiti of all types, stretching from tags to outstanding masterpieces pushed into the public’s eye, is known to evoke negative opinion as well as in most cases break the law however it still continues, if not increasing in popularity. Dondi White, a respected and influential Graffiti artist is one in which is remembered for his inspiring contribution and dedication to the subculture bounded by rebellion and often misinterpreted talent.

Dondi was born in 1961 on April 7 in Manhattan, New York. He was the youngest of five sons of Italian and African-American parents, and was raised in the mostly white East New York section of Brooklyn. Dondi’s parents were very religios and his Catholic school upbringing would later resurface in his artwork. Religious imagery and terms, such as “Anno Domini,” were prevalent in his work and his nickname as Dondi.

As a creative child, graffiti writer Dondi White came up in the 1970s, plastering his name and many nick names on many local subway trains. His work and personality stood out in the culture, as it was strong, bold, colourful and most importantly it was storytelling. As the Transit Authority eliminated graffiti writing from its trains, White became one of many graffitists who began to work aboveground. Graffiti-based art was at the heart of New York’s art scene in the 1980s and White began to put his work on canvas and exhibited it in art galleries.
Dondi died on October 2nd, 1998.
“I never had to compromise myself, It was always me, doing what was comfortable, and relaying the message that I didn’t have to be taught to be creative and do good things.”


Andrew Witten and Michael White, Dondi White Style Master General: The Life of Graffiti Artist Dondi White, Regan Books (2001)

Monday, May 26, 2008

JADE - cradle to cradle:cradle to grave

It is time for our society to change the way we live, work, travel, design, build and consume. To think that we are doing our part simply by driving a hybrid car and recycling our paper, bottles, and cans is a risky illusion. For years, environmentalists have been telling us to do more with less in order to change our dangerous situation. We are going to have change the way we design products, industries and cities. The recycling methods we use today are inefficient and only serve to enable the “cradle-to-grave” manufacturing model that we’ve been using for hundreds of years.

In “Cradle to Cradle” production all material inputs and outputs are seen as technical or biological nutrients. Technical nutrients can be recycled or reused with no loss of quality and biological nutrients composted or consumed. At the end of a product's useful life, the materials become "food" for other systems. Cradle to grave, on the other hand, refers to a company taking responsibility for the disposal of goods it has produced, but not inevitably putting products’ components back into service.Their main point is that we can be "wasteful" if the products we produce all go back into nature or are entirely reborn as new products. Using a cherry tree as an example, they note how "wasteful" it is. Each year it dumps a great pile of fruit and leaves on the ground to rot. But all of this waste goes back into nature to be reborn as new trees, bacteria, birds and other parts of the natural ecosystem. According to the authors, we should try to imitate this natural system instead of trying to do more with less.

Leilani; C2C vs C2G

Cradle to cradle, differs from Cradle the grave in that Cradle to Grave design must end somewhere, will at some point become unusable waste. Cradle to Cradle however is strategic designing that follows natures intelligent plan of waste becoming food – thus it can be recycled, or upcycled, and created into something new instead needing to use more raw materials. Cradle to Cradle Design can create materials, products, and manufacturing systems that are not simply sustainable, but yield sustaining growth in economic prosperity, ecological intelligence, and social value.

It was theorized that everything in nature is cradle-to-cradle; almost everything by man, is not. Nature is sustainable. Sustainability is "a characteristic of a process or state that can be maintained at a certain level indefinitely." Put another way: If a part of a thing (product, system) doesn't last forever, it's not sustainable. Cradle-to-cradle is a sub-category of sustainability. Recycling is one tool of many than can be used in cradle-to-cradle. An example of cradle to cradle would be a new type of ice-cream packaging, when taken out of the freezer the packaging turns to liquid, this liquid also has seeds in it, so when you throw it away it gives life.

Thus, waste equals food.

LEE: Cradle to Cradle Vs. Cradle to Grave.

The theory on cradle to cradle is a new way to think about caring for our environment. It challenges things such as “recycling, driving hybrid cars, etc.” which are known as cradle to grave methods. While cradle to grave methods are better than just leaving your trash in the streets, it is a dangerous illusion to think that this alone will save the world from utter “trashdom”.

Two of the main players of cradle to cradle theology are Architect: William McDonough and chemist Michael Braungart. Together they have released a book that focuses on cradle to cradle and ways in which it can help both the world and those who live in it.

The difference between cradle to cradle(CTC)and cradle to grave(CTG) is while the traditional CTG methods (recycling etc.) an item may be used through a few “lives” eg. A plastic bottle may be recycled to make another. But eventually the quality oft hat plastic will have degraded so much that it will become un-useable and used for land fill. CTC objects however are infinitely sustainable and the materials can be used over and over for a variety of things.

A good example for cradle to cradle vs. cradle to grave lies in running shoes. Most shoes these days consist of highly manufactured and non-environmentally friendly materials such as rubbers, adhesives, paints etc.

But recently Nike has begun to create a series of eco-friendly shoes that adhere to the cradle to cradle methods. Using un-treated leathers, stitching rather than the traditional toxic adhesive and bio-degradable, interchangeable soles, thus making a shoe that is environmentally friendly and fashionable.

In the future cradle to cradle methods will hopefully be in more mainstream use, and can extend even to construction and manufacturing plants themselves.

Waste = food video.

My brain.

Google image search for Cradle to cradle.

Rosalind - GRAFFITI ARTISTS- social commentators, propagandaartists or vandals?

I actually think graffiti artists are all of the above, it is impossible to label them as just one, due to their range of intelligence, skill and attitude, like all forms of art, graffiti is about communicating with others.
Graffiti artists choose to communi­cate in public places at the risk of offending and having their work removed. Obviously this is illegal and therefore branded as an act of vandalism, but if the work is skilful and easy on the eye is it such a crime? There are some ugly walls out there that definitely need a little bit of beauty. Unfortunately not all graffiti is visually pleasing, there are some out there who are disrespectful and artistically challenged.
Tagging; when a child scribbles on your freshly painted wall you certainly don’t feel impressed by it, this is probably how most owners feel when their property has been marked. But without tagging would graffiti have ever eventuated, it is most likely the first step on the road of becoming a graffiti artist.
Tagging was the birth of Graffiti as we know it - REKA
Many graffiti artist are social commentators or propaganda artists, usually putting their own spin on world current events, this is great because I think it contributes to our colourful history and it also shows the population that there is a generation out there that have valid views, ideas and concerns about our world. It allows a freedom of expression.
"Graffiti is revolutionary, in my opinion, and any revolution might be considered a crime. People who are oppressed or suppressed need an outlet, so they write on walls—it’s free." Terrance Lindall.

Friday, May 23, 2008

Abby - Cradle-to-Grave vs Cradle-to-Cradle

The cradle-to-grave model is where you recycle creating some waste. This waste may be toxic.
The cradle-to-cradle model is based on nature itself where nothing is wasted. Waste is seen as food or nourishment for something else to begin or be created just as in biology everything goes back to nature safely. All products should be nutrient safe for the environment.

Cradle-to-Grave model
- Old idea/way
- Throwing things away
- Waste
- Recycling but the new recycled product is of a lesser
  quality than the original (down-cycled)
- Use of toxic chemicals
- Synthetic materials which cannot be reused or broken
- Not sustainable
- Recycled creating waste

Cradle-to-Cradle model
- New idea/way
- Nothing thrown away
- No waste
- Recycling and the new product is of same quality or
  better (up-cycled)
- Extract toxic chemicals
- Synthetic materials must be reusable and be up cycled
  not down cycled
- Sustainable
- Closed-loop industrial cycle

"Nike Considered” is a new type of shoe that is designed by Nike with all components that are re-usable. Before this old shoes would have been thrown out or recycled through second hand shops. Now the Nike Cradle-to-cradle program called Reuse-A-Shoe collects worn-out athletic shoes of any brand and reuse every part of the shoe to make new shoes of good quality.
Nike also uses left over scrap material and grinds it all up to make a product called Nike Grind which can then be used for the highest-quality sports surfaces.
They are an example of the cradle-to-cradle model. Ford wants a 3000lb car made out of 3000lb of materials, (rather than 50,000lbs that most cars currently now use). They see this as a philosophy that will affect all business.

We need to move to the cradle-to-cradle model as designers to help reduce waste and damage to the planet.

Tuesday, May 20, 2008


The word for a single scribble is graffito. Graffiti means more than one scribble.
Although, graffiti is either desecrating or beautifying the surfaces of our city, people still sit on the fence as to what to call it or how to rule on it. It is technically unauthorized writing or drawing on a surface in a public place. Some people call it graffiti, others call it vandalism but I call it urban art. Good graffiti is the work of artists and social commentators, who stick to certain artistic guidelines and morals in the creation of their art.

Graffiti dates back a long way. It could be argued that the first signs of graffiti were on the great pyramid at Giza in Egypt, or on an Egyptian sphinx and the first signs of graffiti in Australia were by the Aboriginals.

Another view of thought is that graffiti could be classified as advertising or propaganda paintings. Graffiti often borrows from the aesthetics of signage and the jargon of advertising campaigns. If it is advertising, no one gives them a permit. We all have views that we may wish to express in public but does that give artists the right to deface public property. Probably not, according to the law, but some graffiti is exceptionally thought out and planned artwork. It is the taggers that make a mess by vanadalising another graffiti artists work.

A famous graffiti artist is Deuce 7 or referred to as (27). His work is being hailed as a new style of graffiti and has received large amounts for his graffiti paintings. Rather then "vandalizing" the public arena, he paints in buildings destined for demolition or just simply screws his paintings into street sign posts.


After all, most graffiti is garbage and looks like 5-year-olds have done it. But some of it is very colorful and might look artistic if it hadn't destroyed someone's property. A few property owners now even pay to have colorful murals and other large-scale paintings on their walls and fences.

Monday, May 19, 2008

Gemma - Cradle to Cradle

Cradle to Cradle

The idea of ‘Cradle to Cradle’ is a company with a means to tangibly, credibly measure achievement in environmentally intelligent design and helps customers purchase and specify products that are pursuing a broader defini
tion of quality.
Cradle to Cradle relies on using environmentally safe and healthy materials. This means designing products with the idea that they will be able 

to be re-used, such as recycling or composting. The team behind the movement aim to implement strategies for social responsibility.

The nature inspired William McDonough's created the cradle to cradle book, written with his colleague Michael Braungart. The book calls for the transformation of human industry through ecologically intelligent design. It also argues that the conflict between industry and the environment is not an indictment of commerce but an outgrowth of
 purely opportunistic design.

Cradle to Cradle offers practical steps on how to innovate within today's economic environment. The three part social history, green business and design manual, the book makes simple that the re-invention of human industry is not only within our grasp, it is our best hope for a future of sustaining prosperity. It is printed on a synthetic 'paper,' made from plastic resins and inorganic fillers, designed to look and feel like top quality paper while also being waterproof and rugged. This recyclable book directs the way toward the day when synthetic books, like many other existing products, can be used, recycled, and then be used again without losing any material quality in a sustainable fashion.

Cradles, Graves And Models, Gravy Cravings, Croddles and Mavis. Tane

Cradle to Cradle to Cradle to Grave
Tane Richardson
“I believe we can accomplish great and profitable things within a new conceptual framework – one that values our legacy, honors diversity, and feeds ecosystems and societies ... It is time for designs that are creative, abundant, prosperous, and intelligent from the start.” – William A. Mcdonough, pioneer of the Cradle-to-Cradle design.

Entrepreneurs in Venlo, a town in the Netherlands, saw the benefits of the new Cradle-to-Cradle concept and decided to apply it to their town. Together with McDonough and Michael Braungart, they managed to convince the industries, policy-makers and creative people of Venlo to adapt to the concept by making sure that ‘food=waste’.
This new concept is McDonough and Braungart’s answer to the Cradle-to-Grave design which is already in place among global industries. They believe its recycling capabilities run materials downhill until they become useless or harmful to ecosystems. For example, trees produce paper, which is recycled into low energy production cellulose insulation, then used as an energy-saving device in the ceiling of a home for 40 years, saving 2,000 times the fossil-fuel energy used in its production. After 40 years the cellulose fibers are replaced and the old fibers are incinerated.

However, they found it was easier said than done, and as the local design collective Qreamteam put it, ‘It was easier said than done.’ They claim not even McDonough and Braungart have the real solution or many viable practical examples. One example of Cradle-to-Cradle carpet (Shaw) or a car factory with a green roof (Ford Rouge) is not enough for these eager people to prove that Cradle-to-Cradle can really work. The Venlonians agree that it is a bit of a utopia and very difficult to put into practice by the industry.

But the town of Venlo is not giving up on their Cradle-to-Cradle aspirations.
The Floriade in 2012, the World Horticulture Fair, is held there every 10 years. The Floriade designers have decided to adapt Cradle-to-Cradle as their main theme, building a 66-hectare sustainable fairground, which afterwards will be used to build Greenpark Venlo, a planned green business area. And then there is Steven Spielberg who wants to include Venlo in his documentary about Cradle-to-Cradle. Where will it go from here?


Environmental Design.Kurt

Cradle to Grave simply refers to the total lifespan of a product where the end grave of the product is often a dirty, wasteful, ecologically detrimental part of the process that is also socially damaging and economically ineffective.
In saying this there are many products through out the world that are taking for arguments sake 10,000kg of materials to produce only 2000kg for the product and then once this product is no longer usable or defect, it is just waste.

Sometimes materials such as iron or some plastics and rubber are recyclable but this is also a debatable topic as most materials are not entirely recycled back to their original compound more so they are rather down cycled to a lower quality and reused, so once again these materials will eventually be unusable.

It is quite a scary thought that the world one day could be depleted of all of it’s resources leaving just a baron waste land full of unusable rubbish.

Cradle to Cradle
the term and ideology behind German chemist Michael Braungart and American designer William McDonough is the logical philosophy of redesigning products and systems that completely recycle themselves.

When we look at nature a fruit tree is a perfect example of what cradle to cradle is all about, the fruit on the tree that carries the seed drops on the ground and is waste but the fruit itself is food for the seed thus WASTE=FOOD.

Braungart and McDonough have redesigned and invented many systems through out the world where this philosophy and idea is being utilized, I think it’s great to see and know that there is hope for the earth and future generations to come.


Jamie: Cradle To Cradle V's Cradle to Grave

Jamie: Cradle To Cradle V's Cradle to Grave

Cradle to cradle strategies began with its inventors, the german chemist, Michael Braungart, and william Mcdonough. There newly found method of becoming ecologically minded has paved the way for the new meaning of being ecologically friendly. There original design methods are based around the idea that "Waste equals food". This has caused them to help the industrial world create products that are completely bio degradable, that will mean the maintaining coexistence of the earth and its humans.

Examples of Braungart and Mcdonough's design at work can even been seen in the book they have published. The book 'Cradle to Cradle' is made from a synthetic paper, from plastic resins, which looks the quality of paper, though the catch is that the book is able to be recycled for other products such as plastic containers.

MBDC (McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry) is an organization that helps businesses redesign there products so that they are completely to cradle to cradle standards. This means that the product is completely biodegradable and can return to the earth's soil or be completely recyclable. One major beneficial factor is that by businesses using this method of design, they are able save potentially a lot of money. Another example of the MBDC's product engineering is in an ice cream container that maintains its structure while in the cold, though when finished with it breaks down within a couple of hours to a nutrient for the soil, also a they have helped design a nearly fully degradable office chair.
These two men have helped pave the way for a new way of thinking thanks to their push for a better future.


Please view the film 'Rash' .Post a 250 word blog with 5 images and relevant links on
the following statement.
GRAFFITI ARTISTS- social commentators, propaganda
artists or vandals?
Crew), MILES, Miles Allinson, PRISM, PSALM, REKA, SYNC,
SIXTEN (Sweden), SNOG, Tai Snaith, VEXTA........
Information researched effectively
References / bibliography listed correctly
Presentation should be neat and graphically creative
Logical flow of ideas leading to a personal conclusion
Handed in on time 03/06/08